Recently, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath claimed that there have been no riots in his tenure, so far, in the state. His claim was proven wrong by several fact check sites, including this story by Alt News.
According to numbers given in answers to questions in the Lok Sabha, pertaining to the topic over the years, Uttar Pradesh has recorded the highest number of communal incidents in India followed by Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. The following chart illustrates this.
According to the data maintained by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Bihar has recorded the maximum number of riots in the country followed by Maharashtra, West Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh. This data maintained by the NCRB includes riots of all nature and not just communal incidents. After 2014, the NCRB records data for communal incidents separately from that of riots. The following chart shows the number of riots across India.
The following charts show communal incidents across Indian states over the years, where the incidents recorded were among the most in the country, and a timeline of parties which were a part of the state government.
While communal incidents in Uttar Pradesh peaked under Akhilesh Yadav’s tenure, the numbers subsequently came down. However, an upward trend in the numbers is clearly seen since 2016 and a significant increase is observed since 2017.
Communal incidents in Bihar have been on the rise since 2013 irrespective of the alliance of the Nitish Kumar led state government.
While communal incidents in Karnataka fell significantly in 2010 and plateaued subsequently under different BJP governments, there had been a sharp rise in such incidents under the Siddaramaiah-led Congress government before they marginally fell in 2016. Presently, the JD(S) and the Congress are in a coalition government in the state.
In Maharashtra, communal incidents recorded were the highest in 2007. Since then, the numbers have been falling, except for increase in 2012, under the Prithviraj Chavan led-Congress and NCP alliance, and in 2015, under the Devendra Fadnavis led NDA alliance in the state. Maharashtra will go to polls in the latter half of 2019.
Data maintained by the NCRB shows that there is a significant pendency from the police’s side in investigating cases of riots and an even higher pendency from the courts in disposing these cases.